Range: RFID operates at varying ranges depending on the frequency used. It can range from a few centimeters to several meters. NFC, on the other hand, has a shorter range, typically up to 4 centimeters.
Communication: RFID is typically used for one-way communication, meaning the information stored on RFID tags is read-only. NFC, however, enables two-way communication, allowing devices to both read and write information on compatible NFC devices.
Applications: RFID is commonly used in inventory management, access control, and tracking systems. NFC has a wider range of applications including contactless payments, access control, data sharing between devices, and smart posters.
Frequency: RFID operates at different frequencies: low frequency (LF), high frequency (HF), and ultra-high frequency (UHF). NFC operates at 13.56 MHz, which is in the high-frequency range.
Compatibility: While RFID tags and readers may come in various standards and may not always be compatible, NFC devices are designed to adhere to a specific set of standards (NFC Forum standards), ensuring a higher level of compatibility among devices.
Security: NFC typically has more security features compared to many RFID implementations. NFC includes encryption and mutual authentication, which adds layers of security for applications like contactless payments.
In essence, RFID is a broader term covering various identification technologies that use radio waves for identification purposes, while NFC is a specific subset of RFID that allows for two-way communication between compatible devices within close proximity.