Electrostatic Discharge (ESD) Protection and Handling Guidelines

Electrostatic Discharge (ESD), also known as static electricity, is the sudden transfer of electricity between objects at different potentials.

Static charges can cause damage to sensitive electronic components during installation and servicing. Your body can easily pick up a static charge, which can discharge to components or assemblies when touched.

ESD can cause immediate terminal equipment failure but can also cause latent damage, which while showing no immediate or obvious effect, may lead to premature failure.

Caution: Personnel and equipment must be properly grounded when ESD sensitive assemblies are handled.

To prevent ESD damage, follow these guidelines:

Assume that all components, PCBs, and assemblies within a closed electronic housing are sensitive to ESD.

Handle ESD-sensitive items only when you are properly grounded at a static-safe work area or when connected via a skin-contact ESD grounding strap to a ground on the equipment.

Restrict handling of ESD-sensitive PCBs and sub-assemblies. Where practical handle assemblies via a front panel or the edges of a PCB.

Store and transport ESD-sensitive items in static-shielding bags or containers.

Ensure these handling procedures are maintained during the process of swap out/in of ESD-sensitive assemblies from/to their ESD protecting transport bags or containers.